Academic Freedom and Tenure Investigative Reports

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Northeastern Illinois University

The administration of Northeastern Illinois University in Chicago violated principles of academic freedom when it denied tenure to a candidate who had opposed its wishes in a dispute between linguistics faculty and teachers of English as a second language (TESL), concludes an AAUP investigating committee in this new report.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: National Louis University

Report dealing with the National Louis University administration’s actions in spring 2012 to discontinue nine degree programs and five nondegree certificate programs, to close four departments in the College of Arts and Sciences, and to terminate the appointments of at least sixty-three full-time faculty members, sixteen with tenure.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Southern University, Baton Rouge

Report investigating the declaration of financial exigency at Southern University, Baton Rouge (SUBR), and the subsequent terminations of tenured professors and restructuring of academic programs.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: University of Northern Iowa

Report examining the move last year by the administration of the University of Northern Iowa to discontinue nearly one-fifth of the university’s academic programs and close the university’s laboratory school. More than fifty faculty members were threatened with layoffs, and numerous tenured professors were constructively dismissed.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Northwestern State University of Louisiana and Southeastern Louisiana University

Report finding administrators discontinued or consolidated academic programs and arbitrarily selected certain tenured professors in the programs for termination of appointment.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge

Report finding violations of academic freedom in two cases at Louisiana’s flagship public institution, Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Bethune-Cookman University

Report dealing with due process, tenure, sexual harassment, and financial exigency at Bethune-Cookman University, a historically black university.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: University of Texas Medical Branch

Report dealing with a declaration of financial exigency at the University of Texas Medical Branch, due process, and the status of tenure in the University of Texas system.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Clark Atlanta University

Report discussing the declaration of an enrollment emergency by the administration of Clark Atlanta University and its subsequent action to terminate the appointments of approximately one-fourth of the total faculty, with no notice and four weeks of unconditional severance salary.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Stillman College

Report concerning the suspension and subsequent dismissal of a faculty member by the administration of Stillman College on grounds of “malicious gossip or public verbal abuse" without due process.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Cedarville University

Report concerning the action taken by the administration of Cedarville University to dismiss a tenured faculty member, and discusses due process, and governance concerns.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Olivet Nazarene University

Report concerning action taken by the administration of Olivet Nazarene University to remove a tenured professor from his usual teaching responsibilities and to prohibit the use of his book in all university courses. The president took this action after a controversy arose within the university’s denominational constituency over the professor’s views on evolution.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: North Idaho College

Report regarding North Idaho College policies, part-time instructors lack basic protections of academic due process, therefore, making them vulnerable.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Nicholls State University

Report addressing tenure and de facto tenure, due process, adequacy of notice and the ramifications of grading issues and academic freedom

Academic Freedom and Tenure: University of New Haven

Report dealing with issues of the status of non-tenured faculty, due process, and the adequacy of the procedural standards in assessing student complaints at the University of New Haven.

Report of an AAUP Special Committee: Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans Universities

Report regarding the  “nearly universal departure from (or in some cases complete abandonment of) personnel and other policies” by five New Orleans institutions―the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, the University of New Orleans, Southern University at New Orleans, Loyola University New Orleans, and Tulane University―as they contended with the disaster that befell the city and its universities. 

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Bastyr University

Report concerning the actions taken in 2005 by the administration of Bastyr University against three faculty members and involves issues of academic due process and adequate cause for termination.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Our Lady of Holy Cross College

Report discussing issues including campus procedures, the president’s reasons for dismissing a faculty member, and the effect of the dismissal on academic freedom at Our Lady of Holy Cross College.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: New Mexico Highlands University

Report concerning tenure denial, academic freedom, due process and the role of faculty in governance at New Mexico Highlands University

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Greenville College

Report concerning due process and academic freedom at Greenville College, a religiously affiliated institution.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Virginia State University

Report dealing with actions taken by the administration of Virginia State University to dismiss two tenured members of the faculty after subjecting each of them to a post-tenure review process.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: University of the Cumberlands

Report dealing with resignation, dismissal, and academic freedom at Cumberland College, a religiously affiliated institution.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Benedict College

Report dealing with academic freedom, tenure, and administration-directed grade changes at Benedict College.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: City University of New York

Report discussing the decision made by the central administration of the City University of New York and deals with the issues of academic freedom, due process, collective bargaining, and national security.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Meharry Medical College

Report dealing with issues of faculty with primarily clinical duties financial exigency, due process, academic freedom,tenure, and faculty government at Meharry Medical College, one of four historically black medical schools in the United States

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Philander Smith College

Report concerning the dismissal of a professor on stated grounds of insubordination; the termination of the appointments of four other full-time faculty members on stated grounds of need to reduce the size of the college's faculty and staff; and the earlier termination of the services of a program director who sought the assistance of the Association based upon her faculty function of teaching courses at the college.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Medaille College

Report concerning improper dismissal procedures at Medaille College.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: East Texas Baptist University

Report presenting several key issues under the 1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure and derivative principles and procedural standards endorsed by the Association.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: University of South Florida

Report dealing with actions taken by the administration and the governing board of the University of South Florida against Dr. Sami Al-Arian and deals with academic freedom, due process, extramural utterances, and national security.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Tiffin University

Report concerning the appropriate role of faculty in the governance of Tiffin University, academic freedom concerns, and the lack of tenure.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: University of Dubuque

Report examining the University of Dubuque's termination of tenured faculty, the faculty's role in the process, and faculty governance.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Charleston Southern University

Report concerning action taken by the administration of Charleston Southern University  to dismiss a faculty member for cause in the middle of his eleventh year on the faculty and the nonreappointment of another after six years of faculty service.

Termination of Tenured Appointments: MCP Hahnemann School of Medicine

Report concerning the discharge tenured members of the basic-science faculty of the MCP Hahnemann School of Medicine, in response to a declaration of financial exigency, with minimal notice, inadequate severance salary, and a complete absence of normal procedural safeguards in violation not only of applicable Association-supported standards but also of the bylaws of the institution itself.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: University of Central Arkansas

Report dealing with the decisions and actions of  President Winfred L. Thompson of the University of Central Arkansas regarding tenure, denial of tenure, and faculty governance.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Albertus Magnus College

Report addressing four issues at Albertus Magnus College : the procedures used by the administration to decide that Professor Hartwig was not to be reappointed, his suspension, the reasons for the actions against Professor Hartwig, and the implications of these reasons for academic freedom.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Johnson & Wales University

Report addressing issues of reasons and the opportunity for review, adequacy of notice and academic freedom at Johnson & Wales University.

New Mexico Highlands University: A Case of Denial of Tenure

Report concerning tenure denial by the board of regents of New Mexico Highlands University

Academic Freedom and Tenure University of the District of Columbia

Report concerning the actions by the administration of the University of the District of Columbia to terminate of 125 faculty members.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Lawrence Technological University

Report concerning the actions taken by the administration of Lawrence Technological University regarding appointment termination following a decision to discontinue the undergraduate programs in business management.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Brigham Young University

Report concerning academic freedom at Brigham Young University, a religiously affiliated university and the denial of tenure.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Minneapolis College of Art and Design

Report regarding action taken by the administration of the Minneapolis College of Art and Design to dismiss five senior members of the faculty without cause and without hearings.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Saint Meinrad School of Theology

Report concerning the dismissal of a faculty member from the Saint Meinrad School of Theology for having signed an open letter to Pope John Paul II asking that continued discussion be permitted concerning the question of ordaining women to the priesthood.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Garland County Community College

Report regarding tenure and the lack of due process in dismissal proceedings at Garland County Community College.

Academic Freedom and Tenure:St. Bonaventure University

Report arising from the termination of the appointments of eighteen tenured faculty members, on grounds of financial exigency, at St. Bonaventure University.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Alaska Pacific University

Report discussing the issues of financial exigency, due process, relocation, and program discontinuance at Alaska Pacific University

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Bennington College

Report dealing with a declaration of financial exigency as justification for terminating the appointments of presumptively tenured faculty.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Benedict College

Report discussing termination, claims of financial exigency, and academic governance and the climate for academic freedom at Benedict College.
 

Academic Freedom and Tenure: University of Bridgeport

Report concerning the action taken by the administration of the University of Bridgeport to terminate the appointments of two professors on thirty days' notice. At the time of this action the professors had each completed more than thirty years of service at the university.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Savannah College of Art and Design

Report concerning the action of the administration of Savannah College of Art and Design in terminating faculty members without cause or due process.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: North Greenville College

Report concerning the actions of the administration of North Greenville College in terminating the appointments of two professors without affording them the safeguards of academic due process . Further, since tenure is no longer granted at North Greenville College, its procedural protections are not available to the majority of faculty members who serve indefinitely on term appointments renewable at the administration's discretion.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Clarkson College

Report dealing with action taken by the Clarkson College administration in May 1992 to terminate the services of six members of the college's full-time faculty.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Loma Linda University

Report concerning the dismissal of three faculty members by the administration of Loma Linda University and condition of academic freedom and tenure in general at that university.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: The New Community College of Baltimore

Report concerning the action taken by the administration of the New Community College of Baltimore to terminate a tenured faculty member without cause or due process following an announced termination of tenure commitments with the transfer of the college's control from the city of Baltimore to the state of Maryland.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Dean Junior College

Report concerning the actions of the administration of Dean Junior College in terminating the services of two faculty members without academic due process.  This action was based significantly on the administration's displeasure with their college activities, involving dissent against the administration, that warranted protection under principles of academic freedom.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Catholic University of America

Report discussing due process and tenure and academic freedom at a Catholic institution with a unique governance structure.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary

Report regarding the administration of the Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary's elimination of the appropriate faculty role in making new appointments and has placed academic freedom in peril at the institution by restricting further faculty appointments to those holding a particular and narrowly construed ideological stance.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Hillsdale College

Report dealing with the denial of due process and lack of protections of academic freedom at Hillsdale College.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Husson University

Report concerning Husson College's policies on tenure failing to set a maximum period for probationary service and its neglect of the safe guards of academic freedom..

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico

Report regarding the lack of due process in the suspension and termination of a tenured faculty member and the lack of academic freedom at a religiously affiliated institution.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Talladega College

Report dealing with actions taken by the administration of Talladega College in late May 1985 to terminate the services of three professors without affording them the protections of due process

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Metropolitan Community Colleges

Report concerning the claims of financial exigency, the administration of the Metropolitan Community Colleges sought to layoff 21 tenured faculty members, while retaining part-time faculty and suspending two academic programs.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: American International College

Report concerning the administration of American International College's dismissal of a faculty member after thirteen years of service without setting forth specific cause for its action and without offering him a hearing and other safeguards of academic due process.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Yeshiva University

Report regarding the administration of Yeshiva University's termination of  the appointments of three faculty members, and suspended them from further teaching responsibilities without having afforded them the safeguards of academic due process.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Nichols College

Report concerning the administration of Nichols College's dismissal of a faculty member  prior to the expiration of his term of appointment, without providing him with the basic safeguards of academic due process

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Phillips Community College of the University of Arkansas

Report discussing the lack of  written regulations or by-laws which safeguard academic freedom, tenure, and due process at Phillips County Community College. Apart from the lack of written safeguards—indeed, perhaps in part because of this deficiency—sound conditions of academic freedom, tenure, and due process do not exist at this college.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: State University of New York

Report regarding retrenchments at the State University of New York that were initiated by the University administration without appropriate consultation with the faculty and without any showing of a financial exigency. They were overseen by the administration with disregard for the rights of tenure, for due notice, and for the role of the faculty in institutional government.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Murray State University

The administration of Murray State University terminated the services of nine faculty members without due process and in disregard of the role of faculty in reaching decisions of faculty status.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Concordia Seminary

Despite the recommendations of his colleagues and inadequate notice of the termination of his services, the administration of Concordia Seminary terminated a faculty member based on outside ecclesiastical authorities' displeasure with his views on matters that fell within his academic competence.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Frank Phillips College

The administration of  Frank Phillips College dismissed a faculty member without providing cause, without academic due process, and without providing for any payment of salary beyond the date of notification of dismissal.

Academic Freedom and Tenure: Grove City College

Although a faculty member was terminated by the administration of Grove City College for stated cause, for his grade distribution and teaching performance, it was done  without any due process. The dismissal action in this case was accompanied by collateral controversy, disclosure of unusual attendant circumstances, and frequent display of emotion. Many of these elements were reported in the press and by radio and television broadcast.  Therefore, the investigating committee additionally issued  a set of Supplementary Observations and these are included in this report..